Contra Expense Account

In the financial statements the purchases account would be offset against the contra expense accounts to show the net purchases. The following are examples of contra expense accounts used in double entry bookkeeping. Contra equity reduces the total number of outstanding shares on the balance sheet. The key example of a contra equity account is Treasury stock, which represents the amount paid to buyback stock. The benefit of using the contra expense account is that the company’s managers can see in account 4210 the total amount that the company paid to the health insurance company. Then in account 4211 they can see the portion of the cost that was paid by the employees.

Examples of deferred unearned revenue include prepaid subscriptions, rent, insurance or professional service fees. Still, the dollar amounts are separately broken out in the supplementary sections most of the time for greater transparency in financial reporting. Such discounts occur when the interest rate stated on a bond is below the market rate of interest and the investors consequently earn a higher effective interest rate than the stated interest rate. In other words, a discount on bond payable means that the bond was sold for less than the amount the issuer will have to pay back in the future. A company receives rebates for advertising it does on behalf of brands it carries in its stores. For example, a grocery store displays advertisements for a national brand in its weekly flyer.

This would allow the company to track the amount of money that has been borrowed. The contra liability account would be used to offset the liability account on the balance sheet. Below is the asset account debit balance and accumulated depreciation account credit balance on the balance sheet. They are usually subcategory accounts linked to an account on the balance sheet. Contra accounts are used to offset each other and reduce the gross amount.

The allowance for doubtful accounts is a contra asset account that is used to offset Accounts Receivable on the balance sheet. The contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation is deducted from the related Capital Assets to present the net balance on the parent account in a company’s balance sheet. In addition to sales returns, the most common contra revenues are sales discounts and sales allowances. A “discount,” in accounting terms, usually refers to a price reduction offered as an inducement to customers who pay their bills quickly, not to a “sale” price, which is simply incorporated into gross revenue. Sales allowances are price reductions offered to persuade customers to accept merchandise with damage or minor defects not serious enough to warrant a return. They are expenses that are offset against revenue, reducing the total amount of income reported on a company’s financial statement.

Contra Equity Account

A contra account is an entry on the general ledger with a balance contrary to the normal balance for that categorization (i.e. asset, liability, or equity). When accounting for assets, the difference between the asset’s account balance and the contra account balance is referred to as the book value. There are two major methods of determining what should be booked into a contra account. If the discount amount is immaterial, the parent and contra accounts can be combined into a one balance sheet line-item.

  • The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts represents the dollar amount of the current accounts receivable balance that is expected to be uncollectible.
  • A company receives rebates for advertising it does on behalf of brands it carries in its stores.
  • The amount due from the customer has been posted to the accounts receivable ledger, whereas the amount due to the supplier is posted to the accounts payable ledger.
  • For example, a company might have a contra asset account for depreciation expense and a separate asset account for equipment cost.
  • Double Entry Bookkeeping is here to provide you with free online information to help you learn and understand bookkeeping and introductory accounting.

Allowance for doubtful accounts (ADA) is a contra asset account used to create an allowance for customers who are not expected to pay the money owed for purchased goods or services. The allowance for doubtful accounts appears on the balance sheet and reduces the amount of receivables. For example, accumulated depreciation is a contra asset that reduces the value of a company’s fixed assets, resulting in net assets. A contra expense account is a general ledger expense account that will intentionally have a credit balance (instead of the debit balance that is typical for an expense account).

What is the Difference Between a Contra Account and an Adjunct Account?

Accumulated Depreciation acts as a subaccount for tracking the ongoing depreciation of an asset. A Fixed Asset is a Long-term Asset used by a company to create revenue. Each year of an asset’s life, another year of Depreciation Expense is recorded. The offset to the Depreciation Expense account is Accumulated Depreciation.

Income Statement

For example, a company might have a contra asset account for depreciation expense and a separate asset account for equipment cost. A contra liability is a general ledger account with a debit balance that reduces the normal credit balance of a standard liability account to present the net value on a balance sheet. Examples of contra liabilities are Discounts on Bonds and Notes Payable and Short-Term Portion of Long-Term Debt.

Is the Matching Concept Related to the Cash Accounting or the Accrual Accounting for a Business?

A Contra liability account is an account that is used to offset another liability account on the balance sheet. Contra liability accounts are typically used for bonds, notes payable, and other indebtedness. The company estimates that it will not be able to collect 1,000 from its customers.

Contra Equity Account Example

To illustrate, let’s use the contra asset account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. Since it is a contra asset account, this allowance account must have a credit balance (which is contrary to the debit balances found in asset accounts). The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is directly related to the asset account entitled Accounts Receivable.

Amortization of Discount on Bonds Payable

Looking for a comprehensive fixed asset and depreciation accounting software? Thomson Reuters Fixed Assets CS has the tools to help firms meet all of a client’s asset management needs. The writing off of an intangible asset over its useful life is known as amortization expense, and the amount of an amortization expense write-off usually appears in the “depreciation and amortization” line item of the income statement. Capitalization, which is used to reflect the long-term value of an asset, is the process of recording an expense as an asset on the balance sheet versus as an expense on the income statement. One of the biggest differences is that amortization expenses non-physical assets, better known as intangible assets, while depreciation expenses physical assets, also known as tangible assets, over their useful life. Business clients need a lot of assets to run their company and they turn to you for help in ensuring tax compliance and to mitigate their tax liabilities when acquiring property.

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